Integrated Active Noise Control and Noise Reduction in Hearing Aids
Søren Holdt Jensen
in IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing
, Vol. 18, No. 6, Aug. 2010., pp. 1137-1146
Published (International Journal)
This paper presents combined active noise control and noise reduction schemes for hearing aids to tackle secondary path effects and effects of noise leakage through an open fitting. While such leakage contributions and the secondary acoustic path from the loudspeaker to the tympanic membrane are usually not taken into account in standard noise reduction systems, they appear to have a non-negligible impact on the final signal-to-noise ratio.
Using a noise reduction algorithm and an active noise control system in cascade may be efficient as long as the causality margin of the system is large enough. Putting the two functional blocks in parallel and then integrating them is found to lead to a more robust algorithm. A Filtered-x Multichannel Wiener Filter is presented and applied to integrate noise reduction and active noise control. The cascaded scheme and the integrated scheme are compared experimentally with a Multichannel Wiener Filter in a classic noise reduction framework without active noise control, where the integrated scheme is found to provide the best performance.
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